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Tetracyclines (Oral)

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Antibiotics Adult

Tetracyclines (Oral) - What is it for

Tetracyclines is a class of antibiotics that is used to treat or prevent infections caused by certain bacteria.

They are also used for the treatment of acne by suppressing the growth of the acne bacteria and decreasing the inflammation caused by the bacteria.

Examples of tetracyclines include:

  • Doxycycline
  • Minocycline
  • Tetracycline

Tetracyclines (Oral) - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Tetracyclines (Oral) cause?

Some common side effects include:

  • Nausea, vomiting, stomachache or “wind” in the stomach
    • Taking the medication with some food may reduce these symptoms.
  • Diarrhoea
  • Vaginal itch or discharge, sore mouth or tongue
    • This may indicate a yeast infection which may need treatment.
  • Increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight resulting in a skin rash, itching, redness, discoloration or severe sunburn
    • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when exposure to the sun is unavoidable.
  • Minocycline may also cause dizziness or light-headedness
    • If affected, do not drive or operate machinery.

If any of the side effects do not go away or are serious, please see your doctor.

Rare, but serious side effects include:

  • Dark urine or light coloured stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain, yellowing of your eyes or skin.
  • Minocycline may rarely cause blue-black pigmentation in the skin at the site of acne scars or elsewhere on the body.
  • Minocycline may also very rarely result in drug-induced lupus. Symptoms include rash on the cheeks or other parts of the body, getting sunburn easily, muscle or joint pain, chest pain or shortness of breath, or swelling in the arms or legs.

The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:

  • Swollen face/eyes/lips/tongue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Itchy skin rashes over your whole body
  • Round or oval red patches in the mouth, groin or body which may ulcerate

If you experience any of these rare or drug allergy symptoms, you should stop your medication and see your healthcare professional immediately.

Before taking Tetracyclines (Oral), what precautions must I follow?

Inform your healthcare professional if:

  • You are allergic to this medication or any of the other ingredients of this medication.
  • You are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
  • The person taking this medication is less than 8 - 12 years old, as this medication can cause tooth discoloration and also slow down bone growth.
  • You are taking any other medications, including supplements, traditional medications and herbal remedies.
  • The symptoms persist after completion of the course of this medication.

In the treatment of acne, these medications may be given for about 2 to 6 months.

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Tetracyclines (Oral)?

Inform your healthcare professional if you are taking any other medications, including supplements, traditional medications and herbal remedies.

  • Concurrent administration of tetracycline with other medications may increase the blood level of the other medications such as Methotrexate and Warfarin.
  • Tetracyclines should NOT be taken concurrently with Acitretin or Isotretinoin, due to an increased risk of high pressure in the head leading to headaches, nausea and vomiting.
  • Avoid taking antacids or products containing calcium or iron together with these medications. They may reduce the effectiveness of these medications. You can take these 2 hours before or after your medication.

Tetracyclines (Oral) - Dosage and How to Use

How should Tetracyclines (Oral) be used?

  • Doxycycline or Minocycline: Take with or after food.
  • Tetracycline: Take 1 hour before or 2 hours after food for better absorption. However, if it upsets your stomach, you can take it with some food.
  • Take these medications with a glass of water to prevent irritation of the oesophagus (gullet).
  • Avoid lying down for at least 30 minutes after ingestion.
  • Complete the course of antibiotics even if you feel better as incomplete treatment might cause the infection to return or cause antibiotic resistance. When antibiotic resistance happens, the antibiotic will not be able to control the growth of the bacteria anymore. Do not stop taking your medication without checking with your healthcare professional.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Then take your next dose at the usual time. Do not take two doses to make up for the missed dose.

What should I do if I overdose?

Tetracyclines (Oral) - Handling

How should I handle Tetracyclines (Oral) safely?

Tetracyclines (Oral) - Storage

How should I store Tetracyclines (Oral)?

Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#

How should I dispose of Tetracyclines (Oral) safely?

Pack this medication into a black trash bag and seal it tightly before throwing into the rubbish chute or bin.

Tetracyclines (Oral) - Additional Information

  • Updated on Friday, April 30, 2021
  • Article contributed by PSS National Medication Information Workgroup PSS National Medication Information Workgroup

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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