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Post-operation Pain Management

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Adult

Post-operation Pain Management - What is it for

 

CategoriesExample of Medications Indication Precautions/Contraindications
Non-opioid analgesics
Paracetamol and its combination products

Paracetamol (Panadol®)

 

Mild to moderate Pain
  • Existing Liver Condition

Paracetamol and Codeine

(Panadeine®)

 

Moderate Pain
  • Existing Liver Condition
  • Not recommended to use in <18 years old

Paracetamol and Orphenadrine

(Anarex®)

 

Pain with muscle relaxant effect
  • Existing Liver Condition
  • Glaucoma
  • Prostate Problem

NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory)

 

1. Non-Selective NSAIDs

 

Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen, Mefenamic Acid, etc

 

 

 

Pain associated with inflammation

  • History of NSAIDs allergy
  • Uncontrolled asthma
  • History of cardiovascular (heart) events
  • Poor kidney function
  • Recent stomach ulceration or bleed

 

2. COX-2 Selective NSAIDs

 

Celecoxib (Celebrex®), Etoricoxib (Arcoxia®)

 

GABA Analog

Gabapentin, Pregabalin (Lyrica®)

 

 
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Poor kidney function
Opioid
Weak opioid

Tramadol, Codeine       

 

Moderate Pain
  • Risk of dependence
  • Drowsiness
  • Constipation
  • Poor kidney function
Strong opioid

Morphine, Fentanyl, Oxycodone, Pethidine

 

Severe Pain

 

For more information click here to read more on opioids

Post-operation Pain Management - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Post-operation Pain Management cause?

Before taking Post-operation Pain Management, what precautions must I follow?

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Post-operation Pain Management?

Post-operation Pain Management - Additional Information

​For more information, can click to read more on Opioids.

What is post-operation pain management ?

After an operation, pain is usually experienced due to damage to the tissues and nerves. The pain is usually more severe initially and resolves over time as the wound recovers. Unrelieved pain can interfere with sleep and physical functioning that can negatively affect patient's well-being on multiple levels. Hence doctors will always prescribe medicine to manage pain so as to minimise any discomfort that the patient may experience during recovery. Analgesics act by different mechanism and at different receptor sites can be combined to produce additive or synergistic pain relief and reduce opioid use. They may be available in injectable, topical or oral forms.

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