The diagnosis of a UTI can be suspected from a well-taken history and physical examination.
Specific tests to confirm a UTI include a urine dipstick, urine analysis and urine culture. The main emphasis lies with the detection of pyuria (white blood cells or pus cells in the urine) on dipstick and urine analysis.
Associated findings can include microscopic haematuria (blood in the urine which cannot be detected by the naked eye). A urine culture will help in the identification of the organism causing the infection.
No imaging studies are indicated in the routine evaluation of an uncomplicated cystitis.
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