In duct ectasia, there is a swelling of the milk ducts beneath the nipple and thickening of the walls of the milk ducts. The ducts are filled with fluid. It occurs mainly in perimenopausal women aged 40 to 50 years.
Symptoms of duct ectasia include:
It is speculated that duct ectasia may be caused by changes due to ageing, smoking and nipple inversion.
Diagnosis of duct ectasia is based on clinical breast examination with ultrasound of the nipple and areola, and mammograms.
The treatment of duct ectasia is largely symptomatic but antibiotics and analgesics may be needed. Supportive management includes:
Duct ectasia does not increase the risk of breast cancer.
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