SingHealth Polyclinics



List of Publications


  • Tan NC,Ng CJ, Rosemary M, Wahid K, Goh LG. Developing a Primary Care Research Agenda through Collaborative Efforts - A Proposed "6E" Model. Asia Pacific Family Medicine. 2014 Dec 20;13(1):17. [eCollection 2014]
  • Chan XBV, Goh SMS, Tan NC. Subjects with colour vision deficiency in the community: what do primary care physicians need to know? Asia Pac Fam Med. 2014; 13(10).
  • Chee YJ, Chan V, Tan NC. Understanding patients' perspective of statin therapy: can we design a better approach to the management of dyslipidaemia? A literature review. Singapore Med J. 2014 Aug;55(8):416-21.
  • How CH, Quah HM. PILL series. Doctor, do I really need treatment for my current blood pressure? Singapore Med J.2014 Aug:55(8):401-4
  • Ng CW, Loo YX, Poon ZH. Subclinical Thyroid Disorders: Clinical Significance and When to Treat? Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 23(3): 226-240.
  • Goh LH, How CH, Lau TC. Male osteoporosis: clinical approach and management in family practice. Singapore Med J. July 2014; 55(7):353-357.
  • Goh SY, Ang SB, Bee YM, Chen YT, Gardner DS, Ho ET, Adaikan K, Lee YC, Lee CH, Lim FS, Lim HB, Lim SC, Seow J, Soh AW, Sum CF, Tai ES, Thai AC, Wong TY, Yap F. Ministry of health clinical practice guidelines: diabetes mellitus. Singapore Med J. 2014 Jun;55(6):334-47.
  • Goh BQ, Tay AHP, Khoo RSY, Goh BK, Lo PFL, Lim CJF. Effectiveness of Medication Review in Improving Medication Knowledge and Adherence in Primary Care Patients. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 2014 Jun; 23(2): 134-141.
  • Hwang SW, Lim HB. Barriers and motivators of influenza vaccination uptake among primary healthcare workers in Singapore. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 23(2): 126-133.
  • Goh SSM, Chan VXB, Tan NC. Colour Vision Deficiency: Is it a handicap? A Narrative Review of its Impact on Medical & Dental Education and Practice. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 23(2): 149-157.
  • Teo SSH, Tan NC, Ngoh ASH, Swah TS, Chen Z, Tai BC. Smoking behaviour of Asthmatic patients in primary care continue to smoke- A cross sectional survey. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 23(2): 108-117.
  • Ng CW, How CH. PILL series. Recurrent wheeze and cough in young children: is it asthma? Singapore Med J. 2014 May;55(5):236-41.  
  • Ong C, Phuah KY, Salazar E, How CH. PILL Series. Managing the 'picky eater' dilemma, Singapore Med J. 2014 Apr;55(4):184-190.
  • Quah JH, Tong L, Barbier S. Patient Acceptability of Tear Collection in the Primary Healthcare Setting. Optom Vis Sci. 2014 Jan 31. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Chia P, Lian WB. Parental knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding infant basic life support. Singapore Med J. Mar 2014; 55(3):137-45.
  • How CH, Chan DKS. PILL Series: Headaches in children. Singapore Med J. Mar 2014. 55(3): 128-131.
  • Soo WF, Tan NC. The influence of caregivers’ knowledge and understanding of asthma aetiology on domiciliary management of children with asthma. Singapore Med J. Mar 2014; 55(3):132-6.
  • Ng LP, Goh P. Incidence of discontinuation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors due to cough in a primary healthcare centre in Singapore. Singapore Med J. Mar 2014; 55(3):146-149.
  • Sim SW, Moey KS, Tan NC. The use of facemasks to prevent respiratory infection: a literature review in the context of the Health Belief Model. Singapore Med J. Mar 2014; 55(3):160-7.
  • Tan NC, Aw LF, Khin LW, Thirumoorthy T, Lim SH, Tai BC, Goh LG. How do primary care physicians in Singapore keep healthy? Singapore Med J. Mar 2014; 55(3):155-9.
  • How CH, Fock KM. Healthcare in Singapore: the present and future. Singapore Med J. Mar 2014. 55(3): 126-127.
  • Tan NC. PAIR UP for primary care excellence: perspectives from a primary healthcare provider in Singapore. Singapore Med J. Mar 2014. 55(3): 110-116.
  • Loh SF, Agarwal R, Chan JK, Chia SJ, Cho LW, Lim LH, Lau MS, Loh SK, Hendricks MS, Nair S, Quah JH, Tan HH, Wong PC, Yeong CT, Yu SL. Academy of Medicine - Ministry of Health clinical practice guidelines: assessment and management of infertility at primary healthcare level. Singapore Med J. 2014. Feb;55(2):58-66.
  • Ng MC, How CH. PILL Series: Childhood immunisation. Singapore Med J. 2014 Jan;55(1):12-7.


  • CH How, M Shaw, SW Hwnag, YJ chee, EG Tay. Delivering Health Talks to Public in Primary Care Setting: A Noval Approach to induct Medical Students towards Social Responsibility and Health Advocacy. December 2013. Medical Science Educator. 23(4):587.
  • How CH, Chan HN. PILL series. Insomnia in the community. Singapore Med J. Dec 2013. 54(12):662-5.
  • Thomas SL. Family medicine specialty in Singapore. April 2013. Journal of Fam Med Primary Care. 2(2): 135-140.
  • Wong PY, How CH, Wong P. PILL Series: Management of child abuse. October 2013. Singapore Med Journal. 54(10): 533-537.
  • Tan NC, Tan YT, Kin PT. Research consultation clinic: impetus towards facilitating primary care research. Asia Pacific Family Medicine. 2013, 12(4): 1-7.
  • How CH, Quah HM. PILL series. Managing urinary incontinence in the community. Singapore Med J. Aug 2013. 54(8):420-4.
  • Tan GC, De Roza J, Chen RY, How CH. PILL Series. Diabetes mellitus: the first visit. Singapore Med J. Jul 2013. 54(7): 377-380; quiz 381.
  • Law KH, How CH, Ng CS, Ng MC. PILL series. Prescribing health: exercise. Singapore Med J. Jun 2013. 54(6): 303-308. 
  • Quah J, Liu YP, Luo N, How CH, Tay EG. Younger adult type 2 Diabetic patients have poorer glycaemic control: a cross-sectional study in a Primary care setting in Singapore. BMC Endocrine Disorders.  June 2013. 13:18.
  • How CH, Quah JH, Koh MJ. Simply eczema. Singapore Med J. May 2013 May. 54(5): 247-249; quiz 250. 
  • Ong SH. Managing a 14-year-old female teenager presenting with a sexually transmitted infection - What are the issues involved? The Singapore Family Physician. May 2013. 39(2):44.
  • Mackey S, Teo SSH, Dramusic V, Lee HK, Boughton M. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Associated With Menopause: A Multi-ethnic, Qualitative Study in Singapore. Health Care Women Int. 2013 May 16. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Chiou FK, How CH, Ong C. PILL Series: Recurrent abdominal pain in childhood. Singapore Med Journal. Apr 2013. 54(4): 195-200.
  • Tan NC, Chen ZJ, Soo WF, Ngoh ASH, Tai BC. Effects of a written asthma action plan on caregivers' management of children with asthma: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Primary Care Respiratory Journal.  Apr 2013. 22(2):198-194.
  • Phoon IKY., Chang WT. Practical assessment of colour vision to certify fitness for driving. The Singapore Family Physician . Jan-Mar 2013. 39(1): 63-66.
  • Chan VHH, What approach can primary care physicians adopt to manage their patient who is upset as a result of adverse effect from their treatment? The Singapore Family Physician. 2013 Jan-Mar: 39(1);56-58.
  • Goh IX, How CH, Tavintharan S. Cytochrome P450 drug interactions with statin therapy. Singapore Med J. 2013 Mar;54(3):131-5.
  • Ang SB, How CH. Menopause: an important milestone in women's health. Singapore Med J. 2013 Feb;54(2):60-3.
  • Chee FY, How CH. Doctor, my dentist wants your opinion. Singapore Med J. 2013, Jan;54(1):11-3; quiz p.14
  • Cheung YB, Wee HL, Luo N, Tan CB, Fong KY, Thumboo J. Height and mental health and health utility among ethnic Chinese in a polyclinic sample in Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore, 2013 Feb: 42(2):73-9.


  • Tan NC, Ng CJ. The novel 'Prepare-Intensive Coaching-Compete (PICC)' model to learn research. Educ Prim Care. 2012 Mar;23(2):120-4. 
  • Quah CH, Koh D, How CH, Quah JH. Approach to hand dermatitis in primary care. Singapore Med J. 2012 Nov;53(11):701-4; quiz p.705. 
  • Bhargava M, Cheung CY, Sabanayagam C, Kawasaki R, Harper CA, Lamoureux EL, Chow WL, Ee A, Hamzah H, Ho M, Wong W, Wong TY. Accuracy of diabetic retinopathy screening by trained non-physician graders using non-mydriatic fundus camera. Singapore Med J. 2012 Nov;53(11):715-9.
  • Chang CN, How CH, Tavintharan S. Beyond low-density lipoprotein cholesterol: why, who and when. Singapore Med J. 2012 Sep;53(9):566-8; quiz 569. 
  • Teng GG, Tong CY, How CH, Goh LH. The unwelcome visitor. Singapore Med J. 2012 Aug;53(8):508-11; quiz 512. Review. 
  • Tan GJ, Lim EL, How CH. A guide to requesting outpatient and emergency radiographs. Singapore Med J. 2012 Jul;53(7):423-6; quiz 427. 
  • Chow WL, Joshi VD, Tin AS, van der Erf S, Lim JF, Swah TS, Teo SS, Goh PS, Tan GC, Lim C, Kee TY. Limited knowledge of chronic kidney disease among primary care patients--a cross-sectional survey. BMC Nephrol. 2012 Jul 2;13(1):54.  
  • Koh JM, Tan GJ, How CH. PILL series. The solitary pulmonary nodule. Singapore Med J. 2012 Jun;53(6):372-5; quiz 376.
  • Wong TY, Chong PN, Chng SK, Tay EG. Postgraduate family medicine training in Singapore--a new way forward. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2012 May;41(5):221-6. 
  • Tan NC, Ng CJ. The novel 'Prepare-Intensive Coaching-Compete (PICC)' model to learn research. Educ Prim Care. 2012 Mar;23(2):120-4.  
  • Luo N, Cang SQ, Quah HM, How CH, Tay EG. The discriminative power of the EuroQol visual analog scale is sensitive to survey language in Singapore. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2012 Mar 20;10:32.
  • Tan NC, Ngoh SH, Teo SS, Swah TS, Chen Z, Tai BC. Impact of cigarette smoking on symptoms and quality of life of adults with asthma managed in public primary care clinics in Singapore: a questionnaire study. Prim Care Respir J. 2012 Mar;21(1):90-3.
  • Meng OY, Lim C, Leng CW, van der Erf S, Joshi VD, Sin ST, Hong ST, Chye PG, Seng GT, Yi-Shern TK. Factors influencing living kidney donation in Singapore. Prog Transplant. 2012 Mar;22(1):95-101.
  • Chow WL, Wang VW, Low YS, Tse DWL, Lim JFY. Factors that influence the choice of seeking treatment at polyclinics. Singapore Med J. 2012 Feb;53(2);109-115.   


  • Tan NC, Ho SC, Cheah SL. Lifestyle modifications of patients with coronary heart disease on follow up in public primary care centres in Singapore: assessment of perception and behaviour.  The Singapore Family Physician. 2011 Mar: 37(1): 67-72.
  • Tan TS, Lim CY, Low WK, Tan NC. Effective communication with hearing impaired patients: An approach for family physicians. The Singapore Family Physician. 2011 Mar: 37(1): 61-66.
  • How CH. Ideal blood glucose control for type 2 diabetes management: a new clinical equipoise. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 20(2):115-118. 
  • Goh BQ, Tan SK, Tay SCS, Goh CC, Lo PFL, Tang WP, Khoo SYR. Herbal-Health supplements intake by polyclinic patients on warfarin. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 2011; 20(2): 97-104.
  • Tay EG. Editorial: Moving forward in patient-centred care. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 20(2): 69-70.
  • Quah JHM, Teo SS, Yap GHB, Lim HB, Chow MH. Clinical audit on hypoglycaemic symptoms in type 2 diabetic patients in SingHealth Polyclinics. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 20(2): 89-96.
  • How CH. A review of health literacy: problem, tools and interventions. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 20(2): 119-125.
  • Low SG. A clinical quality improvement project to reduce the rate of electronic prescription errors in primary care practice. Proceedings of Singapore Healthcare. 20(2): 80-88.
  • Tan AM, Muthusamy L, Ng CC, Phoon IKY, Ow JH, Tan NC. Initiation of insulin for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: what are the issues? A qualitative study. Singapore Med J. 2011 Nov;52(11):801-9.  
  • Tan NC, Ho SC. Treat-to-target approach in managing modifiable risk factors of patients with coronary heart disease in primary care in Singapore: what are the issues? Asia Pac Fam Med. 2011 Sep 22;10:12. 
  • Tan NC, Soo WF, Ngoh SH. A qualitative study of parental use of the written asthma action plan for their children in primary care in Singapore. Journal of Asthma & Allergy Educators. Journal of Asthma & Allergy Educators August 2011;2(4):185-8.
  • Quah JH, Luo N, Ng WY, How CH, Tay EG. Health-related quality of life is associated with diabetic complications, but not with short-term diabetic control in primary care. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2011 Jun;40(6):276-86.
  • Bahadin J, Teo SS, Mathew S. Aetiology of community-acquired urinary tract infection and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of uropathogens isolated. Singapore Med J. 2011 Jun;52(6):415-20. 
  • Khoo CM, Sairazi S, Taslim S, Gardner D, Wu Y, Lee J, van Dam RM, Shyong Tai E. Ethnicity modifies the relationships of insulin resistance, inflammation, and adiponectin with obesity in a multiethnic Asian population. Diabetes Care. 2011 May;34(5):1120-6.


  • Tan NC, Ng Chirk Jenn, Goh Lee Gan. The inaugural primary care research  championship as a social experiment  to promote research. SFP2010; 36(4): 44--5.  
  • Chen ZJ, Al-Mahtab M, Rahman S, Tan NC, Luo N, Tai BC. Validity and reliability of the Bengali version of the Hepatitis Quality of Life Questionnaire. Qual Life Res. 2010 Nov;19(9):1343-8. 
  • Wong LY, Heng BH, Cheah JT, Tan CB. Using spatial accessibility to identify polyclinic service gaps and volume of under-served population in Singapore using Geographic Information System. Int J Health Plann Manage. 2012 Jul-Sep;27(3):e173-85. 
  • Koh GC, Wong TY, Cheong SK, Lim EC, Seet RC, Tang WE, Chua CS. Acceptability of medical students by patients from private and public family practices and specialist outpatient clinics. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2010 Jul;39(7):555-10. 
  • Lim HC, Cutter J, Lim WK, Ee A, Wong YC, Tay BK. The influenza A (H1N1-2009) experience at the inaugural Asian Youth Games Singapore 2009: mass gathering during a developing pandemic. Br J Sports Med. 2010 Jun;44(7):528-32.
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